What started as puffy swollen gums has now progressed to include inflammation of surrounding bone and ligaments – increasing the risk of premature tooth loss and oral infections. What was once Gingivitis is now Periodontal Disease – a condition that needs to be treated to control symptoms.
What is Periodontal Disease?
Calgary Family Dentists at Apple Dental Group explain that Periodontal Disease is defined as infections that involve all structures surrounding teeth – including gum, periodontal ligaments and alveolar bone. Periodontal Disease isn’t something to be ignored as the damaging effects of this disease can cause a patient to deal with ongoing oral discomfort and struggle with tooth mobility that makes chewing food not only painful but difficult.
What Causes Periodontal Disease?
Mild gingivitis is considered to be a common sign of gum disease – something that is both controllable and reversible. Daily brushing and flossing along with regular dental cleanings by a hygienist can stop gingivitis from advancing by removing deposits of plaque and calculus that contain bacteria that irritates oral tissues. But when plaque and calculus levels are allowed to build up the risk of gingivitis developing in to periodontal disease is heightened due to the destructive nature of certain oral bacteria. Bacteria that live in plaque survive by feeding on carbohydrate debris that remains in the mouth from ineffective home care. Toxins are released by oral bacteria when feeding on simple carbohydrates causing gum and bone tissue to become inflamed. Not brushing and flossing only contributes to the advancement of periodontal disease as increased gum inflammation creates the perfect place for food debris to get caught and interact with bacteria. Once pockets of gum tissue exist it’s imperative to see your Calgary Dentist regularly for deep cleanings.
Can Periodontal Disease Be Controlled?
Periodontal Disease can be controlled through professional cleanings, diligent homecare and some changes to lifestyle habits. People who smoke are at greater risk of developing periodontal disease due to tobacco’s effects on oral tissue. Smoking weakens a person’s immune system, making it harder to fight off infections, including oral infections and impedes gum and bone healing. Alcohol can also make some gum conditions worse due to the dehydrating impact on gum tissue.