CROWN & BRIDGE

What is a Dental Crown?

A Dental Crown is a dental restoration that encircles or caps a tooth or a dental implant to protect it from further damage. Crowns are often installed in order to prevent large cavities from getting bigger and to protect the health of the tooth.

In order to bond to the tooth, dental cement is used on the crown, which can be made out of different kinds of materials like resin, porcelain, gold, and metal. When a person grinds their teeth or has an improper bite, has fillings, or is affected by tooth decay, overall teeth condition may be wearing down, and this often leads to breakage and cracking of teeth.

This is where dental crowns come in. These cosmetic restorations are used to cover the surface of an affected tooth, not only to improve its appearance but also to add durability, strength, and stability.

How is a Dental Crown Installed?

Installation of a dental crown is a pretty simple procedure. First, the dentist will make an impression of the affected tooth, which will be used as a pattern for creating the dental crown.

A temporary crown is often placed on the affected tooth while the permanent crown is produced, so as to protect it from further damage. Creating a dental crown takes somewhere between one and two weeks, after which the permanent crown can be cemented onto the tooth.

In many cases, a temporary restoration is needed before the permanent crown can be placed. This often includes filling the cavity to stabilize the tooth and establish a stronger tooth structure. Cosmetic dental crowns may last for 10 to 15 years.

What is a Cosmetic Crown?

Cosmetic crowns are typically made from gold, ceramic, and metal, each with varying strength and use. For example, gold and metal-ceramic crowns, which are very durable are often used to fix molars, which are often subjected to great forces from grinding and chewing.

Ceramic crowns, on the other hand, are more often used for the front teeth because they best resemble natural teeth. Gold crowns, on the other hand, are a good fit when you do not mind having an odd tooth.

Since gold metal is more workable than most other crown materials, they have a more precise fit and are easier to produce. More importantly, gold crowns are impossible to chip, unlike porcelain crowns that are slightly prone too chipping.

To create a more natural appearance for crowns, different materials are often fused with porcelain, like metal and resin.

What is a Dental Bridge? 

Ever wish you could replace a missing tooth without having to wear dentures? With cosmetic bridges, you can do just that while preserving a more natural-looking smile.

This type of dental installation literally bridges the gap created by one or more missing teeth. Typically, a bridge is made up of two crowns that is fitted for the teeth on either side of the missing tooth.

It serves as an anchor for the false tooth or teeth that will fill the gap or gaps in between. The anchoring teeth are called abutment teeth and the false teeth in between are called pontics, which can be made out of different materials like porcelain, alloys, gold or a combination of other materials. Natural teeth or implants support dental bridges, which is why this type of restoration is more apt for patients with only a few missing teeth to replace. 

Dental bridges are very beneficial not only for cosmetic reasons. They restore your ability to speak properly and to chew food more thoroughly as well as maintain the shape of the face. Additionally, they help distribute the force of your bite properly, preventing stress and damage to the remaining teeth. Dental bridges also prevent your remaining teeth from drifting out of position over time.

What are the different types of Dental Bridges?

There are three main types of dental bridges, each with its own purpose. Traditional bridges with abutment teeth and a pontic in between are made for gaps with teeth on either side of the missing tooth. These are commonly made out of porcelain fused either with ceramics or metal. Cantilever bridges on the other hand are used when adjacent teeth are available on only one side of the missing tooth or teeth.

Maryland bonded bridges, meanwhile, are supported by a metal framework with metal wings on either side. These wings are then bonded to the existing teeth.

Dental bridges can last between five and 15 years or even longer, provided that you follow  good oral hygiene and have regular prophylaxis. Contrary to what people may believe, dental bridges make eating easier, as replacing the missing teeth distributes the force of your bite evenly between the newly replaced teeth.

To maximize the life of your dental bridge, it is important to follow proper oral hygiene so that your remaining teeth don’t weaken and cause it to fall out. Visiting your dentist regularly also helps diagnose problems at the onset, preventing them from getting worse over time.

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